One of the paramount objectives of Russian higher educational institutions is to integrate the education and science into world academic system, to train a specialist, able to meet top international requirements and solve urgent questions of civil society development.
The experience of leading Russian universities proves that international collaboration (including academic staff exchange, training foreign specialists in Russian higher educational institutions) is not only the necessary condition for maintenance Russian education up to the standard, but it is also the mechanism of geopolitical and external economic interests realization. The potential of Russian Higher School gives hope that Russia can become one of the leading world exporters of educational and scientific services.
It should be noted that in itself the academic staff exchange is not the most important task of universities, but the participation in such an activity is necessary for fulfillment of major objectives the Universities must target at.
According to the data of RF Ministry of Education, the direct funds intake as a fee, paid by foreign citizens for education, comes to 100 million USA dollars per year, the indirect intake (students' expenses for accommodation, food, entertainment, etc.) exceeds this sum twice/three times more. Nevertheless, these incomings total less than 1% in the world market of educational services, which certainly doesn't correspond to Russian universities potential.
In order to become an equal partner in the world market of educational and scientific services, Russian higher educational institutions should improve the organization of foreign citizens' enrollment and study process, develop and implement a package on effective use of Russian universities scientific and educational potential to meet the interests of each institution, Russia and international community as a whole.
From 1991 by the initiative of Russian universities and under support of Federal Department of Educational Management inter-universities' and regional centers of international collaboration and academic exchange are being set up and developed. These centers contribute to the effective realization of international and external economic activities in the sphere of education. Initiative unions, which are being established in regions, are the attempt of joint measures, aimed at moving Russia up in the world market of educational services.
The main subject of international educational system formation is a higher educational institution, which is mainly presented by universities putting into practice the following major activities directions:
The carrying out of these activities directions is based on the organizational and technical supplying (corresponding to the international requirements) of international departments activity.
1. International collaboration in educational and scientific sphere
Objective: to establish a modern system, corresponding to international standards of foreign citizens' training, which will raise USURT attractiveness rating in the world market of educational services and will facilitate its integration into world educational environment, increase of specialists' training both for Russia and for other countries and development of the specialties, which are the priorities and of great demand in the world market.
Being a subject of Russian Higher School, USURT can provide the following educational services in the international market:
To effectively realize educational services it is necessary to solve the following problems:
а) to establish the system of forming foreign students' contingent. In order to reach this aim, the following activities are necessary:
b) to improve the spheres of life and entertainment, cultural and aesthetic life, development of sports and physical training;
c) to update curricula to meet international requirements;
d) to increase the amount of various kinds of foreign specialists' postgraduate training and retraining;
e) to consider the expediency of establishment the Center of foreign specialists' professional development;
f) to establish an "International Economic Relations" department.
2.Academic exchange of teachers and students
Objective: to provide the study and scientific process with highly-qualified staff, to develop students' exchange, contributing to bringing together the educational standards, to the improvement of education quality, to USURT entering the International Education Area as an equal partner.
In order to develop the academic exchange of teachers and students USURT has to accomplish the following tasks:
3. Co-operation with international, foreign national and regional organizations
Objective: to provide the establishment of steady collaboration ties with Russian and foreign partnership subjects in the sphere of international education and to bring them into line with international practice requirements.
In order to reach these aims it is necessary to accomplish the following tasks:
4. Establishment of a system to provide information and communication in the sphere of higher education
Objective: to enhance the effectiveness of providing information to international, educational and scientific-research USURT structures in the sphere of international education.
To establish such a system it is necessary: